Embassy of the Dominican Republic in the United Arab Emirates
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Geography

Provinces of the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is the second largest nation in the Caribbean, after Cuba, with a total area of 48,442 km2 of territory. It occupies the eastern two third of the island of Hispaniola which it shares with Haiti. The Dominican coastline stretches for 1,633 km, and is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the north

The geography of the Dominican Republic is greatly diverse, ranging from arid semi-desert plains, to lush valleys, to tropical rain forests with 27 different climatic zones; resulting in a wide variety of incredibly beautiful vegetation. The topography of the Dominican Republic consists of a diverse range of highland and lowland areas, offshore islands, rivers and lakes, all of which contribute in some way or another to the varied beauty of the country and the adventure travel options to explore. Most visitors come for its magnificent gold or white sand beaches of the country's 1633 kilometers of coastline

The country’s capital, Santo Domingo, is located on the southern coast. There are many small offshore islands that are part of the Dominican territory. The largest of which are Saona, in the southeast and Beata, in the southwest

The country’s main land has four important mountain ranges. The highest point is Duarte Peak at 10,417 ft (3,175 m) and is the highest in the West Indies. Four major rivers drain the numerous mountains of the Dominican Republic. Between the Central and Northern mountain ranges lies the rich and fertile Cibao valley. This Major valley is home to the city of Santiago and most of the farming areas in the nation. The Yaque del Norte is the longest and most important Dominican river. It carries excess water down from the Cibao Valley and empties into Monte Cristi Bay in the northwest.

The Dominican Republic is divided into 30 provinces. The capital city, Santo Domingo, is the oldest city in the Caribbean and the New World. Other major cities include Santiago de los Treinta Caballeros (Santiago), La Vega, San Francisco de Macorís, San Cristóbal, San Pedro de Macorís, La Romana, Puerto Plata and San Juan de la Maguana.

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